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General Information

Since pre-historic times, these islands have been the home of aboriginal tribes. But the first settlement by the British took place in 1789, which was later abandoned in 1796. The second settlement was basically a penal settlement, taken up in 1858, the year after the First War of Indian Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts, some criminal tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan and Sri Lanka as well as ex-servicemen

Location

Location Bay of Bengal
Longitude 92° to 94° East
Latitude 6° to 14° North

Altitude (Highest Point)

Andaman Islands
Saddle Peak (North Andaman Island) 732 Metres
Nicobar Islands
Mount Thullier (Great Nicobar Island) 642 Metres

Area

Total Area Sq.km 8249
Andaman District ,, 6408
Nicobar District ,, 1841
URBAN AREA ,, 16.64
RURAL AREA ,, 8232.36

Length and Breadth

Length and Breadth of Andaman Islands
Total Length 467kms
Maximum Width 52 Kms
Average Width 24 kms
Length and Breadth of Nicobar Islands
Total Length 259 Kms
Maxiimum Width 58 Kms
Biggest Island in Andaman Group
Middle Andaman Island 1536 Sq.Km
Biggest Island in Nicobar Group
Great Nicobar Island 1045 Sq.Km.
Smallest Island in Andaman Group
Ross Island 0.8 Sq Km.
Smallest Island in Nicobar Group
Pilomillow Island 1.3 Sq.Km

Distance

Distance by Sea (In Kms.)
Between Port Blair & Chennai 1190
Between Port Blair & Calcutta 1255
Between Port Blair & Vishakapatnam 1200
Distance by Air Kms.
Between Calcutta & Port Blair 1303
Between Chennai & Port Blair 1330

Administrative Unit

Administrative Unit No.
District 2
Sub-Division 4
Tehsil 7
Town 1
C.D.Block 5
Lok Sabha Seat 1
Municipal Council 1
Municipal Ward 18
Panchayat 67
Police Station 15
Panchayat Samiti 7
Zilla Parishad 1
Island/ Village Nos.
Revenue Village 204
Census Village 547
Inhabited Village 504
Uninhabited Village 43
Inhabited Island 36

Climate

Normal Rainfall at Port Blair 3180 mm
Actual Rainfall at Port Blair during 1999 2975.0 mm
Rainy days at Port Blair during 1999 209
Mean Minimum Temperature at Port Blair during 1999 22.8° Celcius
Mean Maximum Temperature at Port Blair during 1999 29.8°
Mean Relative Humidity at Port Blair During 1999 81%

Population

TOTAL POPULATION 1971 1981 1991 2001
115133 188741 280661 356265
Male 70027 107261 154369 192985
Female 45106 81480 126292 163280
RURAL POPULATION 88915 139107 205706
Male 53195 78401 111986
Female 35720 60706 93720
URBAN POPULATION 26218 49634 74955
Male 16832 28860 42383
Female 9386 20774 32572
RELIGION-WISE POPULATION
Religion 1971 1981 1991
Hindu 70134 121793 189521
Christian 30342 48274 67211
Muslim 11655 16188 21354
Sikh 865 991 1350
Buddhist 103 127 322
Jain 14 11 17
Others 2020 1357 886

LITERACY RATE

(As per Census of India - 1st March 2001)
Male Female Total
A & N Islands 1,46,536 1,06,409 2,52,945

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